History of University of Scranton Basketball

The University of Scranton has a strong academic tradition and a long and noteworthy athletic history. The basketball program has roots that stretch back to 1916, when the University of Scranton was St. Thomas College and the "Royals" were the "Tommies." The history of basketball at the university is well documented; the following article traces basketball from the beginning through the Royals' first Middle Atlantic Conference championship in 1969. Full statistics for both men's and women's basketball teams are available from the University of Scranton Athletic Department.

1916-1926: The Basketball Program Begins

1916-1917

Coach: Bill Moore
Record: 7-8

Although athletics started at St. Thomas College during the 1890s, basketball apparently did not begin until 1917. In the first issue of the Aquinas (January 1916), which briefly summarizes the history of athletics at the College, the only comment about basketball is that there should have been a team in 1916, since the College had a number of fine athletes.

In October 1916, the Aquinas reported that the senior class had begun organizing a basketball team. At a meeting held on October 13, Benjamin Mahon was elected manager and began arranging games for the team. The first tryout was held on Wednesday, October 18 with about 25 to 30 candidates. A team was quickly organized and the first game was played on November 17. Unfortunately, St. Thomas lost its first basketball game to Dunmore High School, 25 to 15. At the same time that the basketball team was organized, a football team was also taking the field. Consequently, basketball was quickly sidelined for a few weeks because many of the athletes were also playing on the football team.

When the basketball team finally returned on January 12, 1917, St. Thomas defeated St. John's of Pittston 24 to 18. The game was played at home in the Catholic Club gymnasium. Another nine games were scheduled for the season, with St. Thomas playing high school teams from Wilkes-Barre, Scranton, Pittston, and Stroudsburg, although some of those games were rematches.

During this season, each of the other undergraduate classes (including the high school classes for each grade and the team for one of the commercial classes) also organized their own basketball teams. The eight non-senior undergraduate teams then formed their own Inter-Class basketball league. An Athletic Board composed of representatives from each of the classes was organized and had approved an expenditure for uniforms for the basketball teams. The Inter-Class season was cut short by the College president, in order to give the varsity team full access to the gymnasium for practice. The sophomores, however, beat all the other classes and were awarded the Inter-Class Championship Cup.

St. Thomas College varsity basketball team, 1916-1917St. Thomas College varsity basketball team,
1916-1917

Also during the season, the students of St. Thomas formed the Royal Rooters of St. Thomas College who were "pledged to follow the teams of St. Thomas College wherever they go." Also referred to as the "R. R. of S. T. C." or the "Rho Rho Society," the group was organized in February 1917 as a secret society, to be run like a college fraternity. According to one of the officers, the society's membership was "limited and select": "A student must have a spotless record in every respect in order to be elected as a member and it is to be considered an honor to be one... Watch yourself, boys; don't walk with your toes turned in or have your hair parted in the middle, for if you do, you won't have a chance in the world to become a member of the Rhos."

The exhortations of the Rhos notwithstanding, the varsity basketball team only won 7 of its 15 games. However, as the Aquinas pointed out, the St. Thomas varsity squad was "new at the game and inexperienced" while their opponents were "well seasoned and experienced teams." St. Thomas did manage to outscore their opponents, 331 to 308.

1917-1918

Coach: Bill Moore
Record: 7-9

Practice for the 1917-1918 season began on November 19 with about 30 players trying out for the team. By December, the team had a tentative 16-game schedule assembled, with a few open dates included. Once again, St. Thomas College would be playing mostly high school teams.

Apparently, a number of the games on the schedule were quickly canceled, since the first account of the season already shows some discrepancies with the published schedule. It seems that St. Thomas opened the season with a 29-28 overtime loss to Larksville High School but then followed that with a convincing 27-14 victory over the same team.

The team was still not quite a fully functioning unit, however. A game against Wyoming Seminary was technically canceled by St. Thomas because two of the players were not able to play, for unspecified reasons. But Wyoming Seminary urged St. Thomas to send a team of some sort to the game because it had been advertised and they did not wish to disappoint the spectators. Consequently, St. Thomas sent down "a quintet of second string men, who were badly defeated." The Aquinas commented: "Wyoming did not appreciate the favor we bestowed upon them, since they published the account of the game as [the] St. Thomas College team. When they come up here they will find out which is which before they have run up a very big score."

Happily, St. Thomas rebounded with a 18 to 17 double overtime victory over Carbondale High School. The St. Thomas squad continued its winning ways by defeating four of its next five opponents before then losing four of its next five. The team ended the season with two back-to-back losses to Central High and finished the season with a record of 7-9. Once again, St. Thomas outscored its opponents, though the precise tally was not recorded in the Aquinas.

1918-1919

Coach: Bill Moore
Record: 13-3

Little information about the 1918-1919 season is available from the Aquinas. Because of World War I, the Aquinas was reduced to a four-page monthly newsletter, and only issues one and five have survived. The February 1919 issue simply noted the names of the team members and that St. Thomas had defeated Keystone Academy, Pittston High School, St. John's High School, and alumni teams. The Scranton Times did not regularly cover St. Thomas basketball.

1919-1920

Coach: Bill Moore
Record: 11-4

Information about the 1919-1920 season is limited; however, two team photographs have been preserved.

1920-1921

Coach: Bill Moore
Record: 9-6

Information about the 1920-1921 season is limited; however, a team photograph has been preserved.

1921-1922

Coach: Bill Moore
Record: 18-0

The 1921-1922 squad had the College's first undefeated season, outscoring opponents 608-320. Several team photographs have been preserved.

1922-1923

St. Thomas College basketball team, 1922-1923St. Thomas College basketball team,
1922-1923

Coach: Bill Moore
Record: 21-0

The College continued its undefeated streak in 1922-1923. Information about this season is limited; however, a team photograph has been preserved.

1923-1924

Coach: Bill Moore
Record: 12-0

The College completed yet another year with an undefeated record. Information about this season is limited; however, a team photograph has been preserved.

1924-1925

Coach: Bill Moore
Record: 7-5

Only occasional copies of the Aquinas survive from 1924-1925, so not much is known about this season. The team, still under coach Bill Moore, was extremely successful playing a combination of high school, junior college, and university freshman teams. Collegiate opponents on the 1924-1925 schedule included Canisius, St. Bonaventure, and St. Francis.

Having won 52 consecutive games, the team's three-year undefeated streak finally came to an end at the start of the 1924-1925 season. According to the January 1925 Aquinas: "On Jan. 10, 1925, Trenton Normal School finally stopped the onward march of the Tommies but only because most of the Tommy dependables had graduated." The same issue of the Aquinas reported on another notable event: local businessman Frank J. Gilmore donated an "ultra-modern score board to record the tallies of the basketball games in the Catholic club."

1925-1926

Coach: Bill Moore
Record: 9-2

According to the Aquinas, the 1925-1926 season was "one of the most successful in the history of the college." Of the two defeats, the student newspaper contested the legitimacy of one (to Wyoming Seminary) while the team avenged the other, beating St. Bonaventure in the two schools' second meeting.

At the end of the season, longtime coach Bill Moore resigned, saying that he wished to devote all of his time to the Catholic Boys' Welfare organization, which had recently merged with the Catholic Men's Club under his direction.

1926-1940: The Harding Era

A new era in University of Scranton basketball began in April 1926, with the appointment of Jack Harding as the College's new athletic director. Like Moore, Harding would coach basketball, football, baseball, and other sports, and he would entirely revamp the College's athletic program. Most notably, he eliminated high school teams from the schedule and had St. Thomas play comparably-sized colleges. St. Thomas now truly had a collegiate sports program.

1926-1927

Coach: Jack Harding
Record: 9-1

Under new coach Jack Harding, St. Thomas College fielded what the Aquinas would later call "the first organized basketball team."

The 1926-1927 season started with a convincing St. Thomas defeat of Alfred University by the score of 42 to 22. St. Thomas followed that with three more victories and little opposition, out scoring their opponents 172 to 97. The February 1927 Aquinas acclaimed the team as developing into the "fastest team ever produced in Northeastern Pennsylvania... Practically no team, with the exception of Canisius, has shown any opposition to our basketballers."

St. Thomas next defeated Manhattan College by the score of 37-21. Manhattan had previously defeated Fordham, NYU, and Holy Cross, and the Aquinas noted that this made St. Thomas one of the best teams in the East. Unfortunately, the Tommies lost a squeaker to St. Bonaventure 36-34 but rebounded with an even closer 34-33 victory over Villanova, in spite of a lack of enthusiasm on part of the St. Thomas fans. They ended the season with three more victories and finished the year with a record of 9-1, with their sole defeat occurring by only two points, and after losing two starters to injury in the previous game. St. Thomas outscored their opponents 420-284.

1927-1928

Coach: Jack Harding
Record: 10-4

The 1927-1928 season started with two regulars being temporarily removed from the lineup because of health reasons before the season and an opening loss to Western Maryland, followed by a victory against Bloomsburg State Teachers College. The Tommies then lost the next two games, including a rematch against Bloomsburg where the Aquinas hinted that the referee might have ended the game a second too early before a St. Thomas player scored the winning shot. St. Thomas then went on to win all but one of the remainder of its games for a 10-4 record. St. Thomas outscored their opponents 604 to 416.

The Tommies had a strange experience in the 1927-1928 season. During a return match against Schuylkill College, who the Tommies had defeated decisively at home, the local Reading referee apparently did his best to throw the game to the "Pretzeltowners." According to the Aquinas, "His officiating throughout the struggle was so rank that at times it appeared as though you had to bleed from the mouth to draw a foul." After the game, Schuylkill canceled athletic relations with St. Thomas, claiming a lack of sportsmanship by the Tommies. The Aquinas labeled this "perhaps the biggest farce ever to occur in intercollegiate circles."

1928-1929

Coach: Jack Harding
Record: 9-7

The 1928-1929 season opened on December 15 with a victory against Dartmouth; Coach Jack Harding had quickly established St. Thomas as a college who would face nationally ranked competition. The Aquinas believed that his policy would "cause the home team to enter the fray with a determination and spirit that will be difficult to dominate" and that this has "elevated the standard of St. Thomas College athletics to heights hitherto unknown."

The Tommies then defeated Providence College, Alfred University, Mount St. Mary's, Seton Hall, and the United States Coast Guard, before losing to Canisius, St. Bonaventure, St. John's, Fordham, and St. Bonaventure again, with only a victory over East Stroudsburg in the midst of the losing streak. In response, Harding revamped the team's lineup, which helped win a rematch against Canisius. Unfortunately, the good luck failed to hold, and the Tommies lost two more games before ending the season with a victory against Villanova. Overall, the Tommies outscored their opponents 491 to 482.

In the postseason, the Tommies played, and lost, a courtesy game to Rider College, 26-21. The game was arranged because one of the Rider players, Lou Zara of Old Forge, was trailing Charlie Hyatt of the University of Pittsburgh for individual scoring honors in the East. Consequently, local fans wanted a chance to see the local hero. Unfortunately for the local fans, the Tommies held Zara to only four points.

1929-1930

Coach: Jack Harding
Record: 12-7

Harding set up a 19 game schedule for the 1930 season, starting with a game against Georgia Tech. The Tommies defeated the visiting squad 39-36 and won their next two games before losing a low scoring contest to Mount St. Mary's, 19-14. The team recovered with five victories in a row before losing another close, low scoring game to St. John's Brooklyn. From there on, the Tommies would win a game and then lose a game for the next few weeks. Unfortunately, the Tommies then went into a losing streak which lasted until the final game of the season, against Bucknell. St. Thomas finished the season with 12 wins and 7 losses and outscored their opponents 605-518.

Sports reporting for the Aquinas during this time period was handled by Joseph Polakoff, who went on to build a lengthy career as a prominent Washington-based journalist.

1930-1931

Coach: Jack Harding
Record: 12-6

1931-1932

Coach: Jack Harding
Record: 14-3

The 1931-1932 season featured 15 games, with only three scheduled away games. The Aquinas looked forward to a season of "unparalleled success" because the St. Thomas team was a veteran squad: even though the team had lost four starters, they were replaced by mostly experienced men.

Unfortunately, these expectations weren't entirely fulfilled. The Tommies totally destroyed the South Jersey Law School by a score of 50-15, but were then convincingly defeated by Geneva College (18-40). But the Tommies turned the season around by winning their next six games before losing a match to St. John's Brooklyn. The Tommies came back to defeat Temple and finished the season with two more wins to complete a 14-3 season.

1932-1933

Coach: Joe Zinder
Record: 11-7

In November 1932, St. Thomas College announced that Joe Zinder, a Nanticoke resident and former Tommie basketball guard and captain of the 1931 team, had been appointed head coach, succeeding Jack Harding (who was still serving as athletic program director and football coach).

The 1932-1933 schedule featured 18 games, 13 at home. The season opened with an away loss against powerful City College of New York (19-42).

The Tommies beat Muhlenberg in the opening home game. This event also featured post game dancing furnished by the St. Thomas College orchestra. The December 2, 1932 Aquinas opined that "a great number of students are expected to take advantage of the special rates for the female sex."

The Tommies won their next four games before losing to East Stroudsburg away, beating Canisius away, and losing to Seton Hall at home. The February 2, 1933 Aquinas complained that "student support of the team has been almost entirely lacking," even though the Tommies were having a successful, competitive season. The team continued winning more games than they lost and finished with an 11-7 season. The Tomcats outscored their opponents 649-585.

1933-1934

Coach: Jack Harding
Record: 11-4

In December 1933, Jack Harding was announced as the basketball team coach, resuming his previous role and replacing Joe Zinder.

The 1933-1934 schedule opened with City College of New York visiting Scranton for the first time, and defeating the Tommies 40-35 in what the Aquinas called "one of the most bitterly contested games never witnessed." Harding's team rebounded with a close victory over Westminster College and then a convincing victory over Geneva College, followed by four more victories before suffering consecutive defeats to East Stroudsburg and La Salle. The team then concluded the season by winning four of its last five games to end the season 11-4. The March 23, 1934 Aquinas acclaimed this to be the greatest team in St. Thomas College history.

1934-1935

Coach: Jack Harding
Record: 9-5

The Aquinas was pessimistic about the 1934-1935 season. The team would only have two starters returning and there were no outstanding undergraduates ready to take the open places. The November 23, 1934 Aquinas suggested that the team would be lucky to break even during the season, particularly because the team would be facing "undoubtedly the hardest [schedule] they have ever faced." The team started off the year living down to expectations by being overwhelmed by Long Island 61-22 and then losing to City College (23-36). But the Tommies broke the losing streak by defeating Catholic University 34-33 in their home opener. The Tommies then lost to Geneva but defeated Wheaton, St. Peter's College, and the Penn A.C. team twice.

In the meantime, the future of basketball at St. Thomas College had become the subject of a debate and a poll. Attendance at the games had been dismal all season. Frank O'Hara, then graduate manager of athletics, stated that "unless the students manifest increased and immediate interest, St. Thomas will have no basketball team next season." Although the student body numbered more than 600, only an average of 83 students attended each home game. The February 8, 1935 Aquinas included a ballot asking students if they were in favor of intercollegiate basketball, why they did not attend the games, and would they support the games if the sport was continued. The ballot received 281 votes and all were in favor of retaining basketball. The students complained, however, that the extra fee of 25 cents per game, which was added on top of the yearly athletic assessment of $15.00, was too much money. Furthermore, the games were played far enough off-campus to be inconvenient. The College decided to attempt to abolish the extra fee and O'Hara stated that "St. Thomas will have a basketball squad again next year."

However, O'Hara cautioned that the team could not operate with financial losses. Costs were high: the College had to rent the hall, furnish police and fire protection, as well as pay for uniforms. The College had also been hiring an orchestra to play dance music after the games, which had further increased costs. In the February 22, 1935 Aquinas, O'Hara commented: "If enough students with musical talent will interest themselves enough to form an orchestra and play gratis after the games, then and only then, will we be able to drop the quarter charge. Under no circumstances are we considering the abolition of admission prices for girls at these contests; it is not for them that the games are primarily staged."

The 1934-1935 season continued with a very strange game. The Tommies were leading John Marshall College 33-29 and a major fight broke out. The game had a number of small fights throughout the first half. According to the Aquinas, the John Marshall squad played rough the entire game and had been called repeatedly for fouls. The Aquinas contended that the John Marshall team was under a great deal of pressure to go undefeated in order to get into a "big money game" at Madison Square Garden against Long Island University. When a major brawl broke out, referees decided to end the game. Unfortunately for John Marshall, they had to forfeit the game and St. Thomas officially won 2-0. The Tommies completed their difficult and confusing season with a 9-5 record amassing 514 points against 493 for their opponents.

1935-1936

Coach: Jack Harding
Record: 12-5

Harding continued to build the Tommies' reputation by designing more challenging schedules every year. He also expanded the team's geographic reach by adding additional out-of-state rivals like Roanoke College, Youngstown of Ohio, and Oglethorpe College of Georgia for the 1935-1936 season. Although St. Thomas College was playing teams from more distant parts of the country, they were usually playing them at home.

In keeping with the decision of last year, the College was still hoping to drop the 25 cent fee necessary to hire a local orchestra to play after the games, if the College could provide its own student orchestra. In any case, there was still a month of Advent, during which there would be no dances, for the situation to get decided.

The season started with a convincing Purple Tide victory over Roanoke College, 40-21. But the team then lost two consecutive games before rebounding against Davis-Elkins. Attendance had picked up for the early games, and a College band had been formed. But then the team went on a six-game winning streak before losing an away game to Long Island University for which hundreds of Tommy faithful traveled to the Big Apple. The team finished the season with a victory over Canisius ending the season with 12 victories and five losses.

1936-1937

Coach: Jack Harding
Record: 8-9

The 1936-1937 season opened the with resounding 42-23 victory over Seton Hall, back on the schedule for the first time since 1932-1933. The "new reorganized" College orchestra entertained after the game with a two-hour program of dance music. Students were charged the "usual" 25 cents, with general admission for non-students costing 50 cents. Unfortunately, the team lost two out of its next three games during the holiday season. The Tommies were defeated by Illinois Wesleyan and Nebraska but defeated Marshall College.

Controversy concerning the games continued. The December 20, 1935 Aquinas wondered why "girls are admitted to basketball games for 10 cents when students are charged 25 cents." Furthermore, the Aquinas complained that the orchestra was only providing 45 minutes to an hour of dancing, instead of the advertised two hours.

The team then began a win one, lose one routine for the next few weeks but then received a major shock. Harding announced that he was leaving St. Thomas to take up coaching duties at Miami University at the end of the season. Harding had taken the St. Thomas athletic program from the days when it played high school and college freshman teams to the point where the Tommies were playing sports teams that were national contenders.

Unfortunately, the news was not sufficient to spur the Tommies on to victory against one of their premier rivals, Long Island University. In fact, the Tommies went on a road losing streak being defeated by Penn A. C. and La Salle. The Tommies then lost the season finale at home to Canisius. The Tommies finished with an 8-9 record. As the school year ended, a new basketball coach had not yet been selected.

1937-1946: The Post-Harding Era

1937-1938

Coach: James Freeman
Record: 12-9

James "Buck" Freeman became the new basketball coach in September 1937. He came to Scranton from St. John's College Brooklyn, where he had served as director of athletics and head basketball coach, accumulating a record of 187 victories and 31 losses. Although Freeman was hired in late September, the team was not formed until late November. The schedule allowed only slightly more than two weeks of practice before the opening game on December 16, but even those two weeks of practice would not occur. The new coach wound up confined to his home with a "severe case of the grippe" and the team practiced on its own for two weeks using the plays from last year.

Nonetheless, the Tommies, now also being called the Imperials, defeated the "Fighting Lutherans" of Wittenberg College of Ohio in their first game. The team lost the next game away in Philadelphia to La Salle. But then the Tommies defeated their first three rivals at home. Unfortunately, the team had bad luck on the road and lost five games, including a loss in their first appearance at Madison Square Garden to Manhattan College.

In the meantime, Buck Freeman's bad luck continued when he fell in a campus building and broke his leg. He continued coaching from his hospital bed, but on-court practice was conducted by Tom Kelly, the freshman basketball coach. The team rebounded by defeating a professional New York City team, the Crescent Athletic Club, and winning their last home game. The team ended the season 12-9 being unbeaten at home but also unable to win any away games. The team averaged more than 40 points a game, with a high of 54 against Catholic University and 839 total points. The post game dances were continued and "girls [were] admitted free."

1938-1939

Coach: Ed Coleman
Record: 9-10

The beginning of the 1938 school year brought a significant change for the institution. No longer St. Thomas College, the institution would now be known as the University of Scranton. But the old nickname stuck, at least for a time, and the basketball team continued to be referred to as the Tommies.

1938 brought other major changes to the basketball program: Buck Freeman resigned in order to take a position as director of athletics at Iona Prep school in New York. He was succeeded by Edward "Red" Coleman, who had just graduated from St. Thomas where he had been a basketball star. Freeman stated, "every time Red went on the basketball floor I learned something about the game. He is the greatest basketball player I have ever seen." Additionally, the University bought new baskets and glass backboards for the basketball court at the Watres Armory where the Tommies played their home games.

But all these changes were less important than the fact that the Tommies had lost most of the varsity squad to graduation and were practically starting over with inexperienced players. The team started the season with an impressive victory over St. Francis of Loretto in front of a crowd of 2,500, the largest ever for an opening game. Unfortunately, the Tommies followed with their first home loss in nearly three seasons to the Fighting Lutherans of Wittenberg 43-41 in overtime. The uneven season continued with the team winning a game during the holiday season but then dropping two consecutive games to New York City teams. The team continued to lose more than they won for the rest of the season, ending with a 9-10 record. The team scored 833 points against their opponents' 803. The team also surpassed the previous record high single game point total of 54 by scoring 57 against Westminster and 56 against the Crescents.

1939-1940

Coach: Ed Coleman
Record: 16-7

The ambitions of the basketball squad continued to expand as they faced a 24-game schedule during the 1939-1940 season, although 18 of the games were played at home. The football season had ended with the Tommies undefeated and a tremendous amount of school spirit remained on campus. The December 8, 1939 Aquinas complained, however, that the school spirit never carried over from football into the basketball season and that the people responsible for pep rallies during the football season should at least attempt to invigorate the student body for basketball games.

The season started on a negative note with the Tommies losing 41-23 to La Salle, but the team rebounded with a victory over Millersville State at home before heading into the holiday games. The team emerged with three victories and one defeat from the holiday games but then lost to Ohio at the beginning of January. The Tommies then began to win regularly, often in the final quarter. Near the end of the season the team managed a six-game winning streak before dropping two consecutive road games to City College of New York and Seton Hall. The team rebounded with a couple victories at the end of the season and finished with a 16-7 record. The Tommies averaged 42 points per game, a new record for the basketball team and scored a total of 965 points during the season.

1940-1941

Coach: Ed Coleman
Record: 11-9

The 1940-1941 season featured 20 games with 16 scheduled for the home court. The schedule also featured a number of newcomers to the Scranton schedule, including the University of Detroit, Loyola University of Chicago, Morris-Harvey, and the University of Mexico. The season started with a convincing victory over Morris-Harvey which was followed by three more victories against Millersville, Lehigh, and Wittenberg. Unfortunately, the season did not continue in such a positive fashion, as the Tommies then dropped the next four before winning the three after that. The team continued with short winning and losing streaks essentially through the end of the season and wound up with a record of 11-9. In games with the newcomers on the schedule, the Tommies defeated Morris-Harvey, Loyola and the University of Mexico, but lost to the University of Detroit. The team totaled 970 points while their opponents scored 834 points. Mike "Red" Wallace was the first Tommy to score more than 300 points in the season with a total of 327 points surpassing the old Tommy record by 127 points.

1941-1942

Coach: Ed Coleman, Joe Zinder
Record: 9-14

The opening two Tommy victories of the 1941-1942 season were overshadowed by the entry of the United States into World War II. Nonetheless, the 23-game schedule continued and included a game with newcomer Tulane University. Seven of the 23 games would be played away. The Aquinas was cautious in predictions for the season. Although the first two games were won handily, the Tommies had very tough opposition and would have a difficult season. Nonetheless, the team defeated the impressive (and very tall) Morris-Harvey team in its third game before losing to Tulane. The team won one-half of its holiday schedule before starting starting a downhill trend for the rest of the season.

To make matters worse, coach Edward "Red" Coleman resigned unexpectedly in the middle of the season because his coaching duties conflicted with his position as deputy sheriff of Lackawanna County. Joseph Zinder was appointed head coach but was unable to improve Tommy prospects. The situation was made worse for the Tommies, although certainly not unique to them, by the fact that a number of starting players were leaving school to join the military.

The February 13, 1942 Aquinas blamed officiating for some of the defeats: "Once again the University of Scranton basketball squad has gone down to defeat because of incompetent officials judging the game. The referees used in many of the home contests have been of a caliber suitable only for a kindergarten league." But it is doubtful that poor officiating could be solely responsible for the continuing Tommy losing streak. The team did rebound with three consecutive victories near the end of the season but finished with a final record of 9-14.

1942-1943

Coach: Robert Jones
Record: 4-14

The 1942-1943 season featured a number of changes. Football coach Robert "Pop" Jones took over coaching duties for the basketball team. The team's home games moved from the Watres Armory to the South Scranton Junior High School gym. Finally, the first military teams, the Manhattan Coast Guard squad and the New Cumberland Reception Center team, appeared on the 18-game schedule, which featured six away games.

Sadly, one thing that did not change from the previous year was the Tommies' downward spiral. The team lost its first three games before winning two in a row, including a victory over New Cumberland, a military team that featured one former professional basketball player and a few former pro baseball players. But the good luck did not continue, and the Tomcats lost three consecutive road games. The team continued to lose most of the games through the end of the season with a few victories. Because of the overwhelming attention being paid to the war effort, attendance at the games was also very poor. The team finished with four victories and 14 defeats. The team totaled 776 points for the season.

1943-1944

Due to the manpower shortage, the 1943-1944 basketball season was essentially canceled, though the junior varsity squad played a number of local high schools. In the spring of 1943, coach Robert 'Pop' Jones resigned his position in order to serve in the Young Men's Christian association branch of the United Service Organizations. Later that year, Pete Carlesimo was appointed athletic director and coach of both the football and basketball teams.

1944-1945

Coach: Pete Carlesimo
Record: 12-8

The 1944-1945 season started with Marine veteran Leo Kelly being appointed as captain. Unfortunately, the team started by losing to the Sampson Naval Training Station quintet (27-51) followed by losses to Marshall College and La Salle at home. Scranton entered the winning column by defeating Princeton, and followed with consecutive wins against Kutztown, Cornell, Bucknell, and the Manhattan Beach Coast Guard before seeing the streak ended by Bloomsburg (65-66).

After a few more defeats, the Tommies had their most impressive victory of the season, convincingly defeating the unbeaten New York Athletic Club in Manhattan, 57-38. Scranton followed this triumph with a victory over Stroudsburg but could not maintain the momentum and fell to Bucknell. The Tommies then entered a "win one, lose one" phase for the next four games before finishing the season with consecutive victories, giving the team a record of 12-8.

During the season, the Tommies had the misfortune of losing their home court, the Watres Armory, because the Armory was leased by Fleet Wings, Inc. to produce shell boosters. Scranton used the South Scranton Junior High School gym for the latter part of the season.

1945-1946

Coach: Pete Carlesimo
Record: 6-14

With World War II finally over, campus life began to return to normal. The Aquinas began to publish again, and sports returned to its traditional role as the center of extracurricular entertainment at the University.

The 20-game 1945-1946 schedule was slightly unusual in that the Tommies were still playing four military teams, as well as the typical college lineup, and that they were playing half of the schedule away. Previously, the Tommies had played the overwhelming majority of their games at home.

The season started well with a victory over Georgetown followed by a loss to Manhattan but then victories over City College and Loyola. Unfortunately, the season went downhill from there, and the Tommies lost nine straight before defeating Stroudsburg, La Salle, and Ithaca near the end of the season. The team ended with a record of 6-14. Besides the upset of City College, the only other highlight of the season was the naming of Bill Griglock to the Associated Press All-Pennsylvania basketball team.

1946-1955: The Tommies Become the Royals

1946-1947

Coach: Les Dickman, James Freeman
Record: 10-18

In September 1946, Rev. John J. Coniff, Director of Athletics, announced that since the school had not been St. Thomas College for years, it was no longer appropriate for the teams to be nicknamed the Tommies. Consequently, the University chose The Royals to be the nickname of the sports teams. Pete Carlesimo decided to concentrate on football, and former Tommy star Les Dickman took over the head coaching duties for the 28-game schedule. The military squads had disappeared from the schedule.

The Royals began the season with a convincing victory over Bloomsburg, but then lost their next eight games partly due to an injury to leading scorer Bill Griglock. In the midst of the losing streak, coach Les Dickman resigned "because of pressing duties which require more this time" (he had a full-time job with the highway department) and was replaced by former Tommy head coach James "Buck" Freeman, who had coached the team in the late 1930s. The Royals began to turn the season around under Freeman's leadership. Nonetheless, all the Royals could manage were 10 victories against 18 defeats.

1947-1948

Coach: James Freeman
Record: 7-20

1947-1948 season1947-1948 season

Coach Freeman started the 1947-1948 season with a press blackout, explaining in the Aquinas: "Pre-season press releases are one of the most detrimental factors against any prospective basketball club. Every rival coaching staff... religiously tries to obtain every detail, as to the ability, size, speed, stamina and all-around talents of opposing players." The Royals had a 27 game schedule "against some of the best clubs in the nation" and Freeman wanted to keep his team's potential secret. In fact, Freeman kept the opening lineup secret until the team took the court against the Connecticut State Teachers club. Scranton won their opening game but then dropped three consecutive road games and eight games overall before defeating Albright and Lebanon Valley at home.

The winning streak did not continue, although the team began winning more regularly and finished the season with a 7-20 record. Mike DeNoia became the fourth Scranton player to score more than 300 points in a season with a total of 304. Although the Royals did poorly, the team could look forward to having all but one of the starters return for the next season.

1948-1949

Coach: James Freeman
Record: 9-16

The Royals opened the 1948-1949 season with a victory over King's College followed by two more victories before losing the first game away at Lebanon Valley. The Royals moved into the middle of the season with a winning record, after a couple one point victories, but then lost four games in a row. Victories over Moravian and Mount St. Mary's broke the losing streak, but the Royals began losing again and finished the regular season with nine victories and 13 defeats.

The Royals, however, had won four of six conference games, which put them in a tie for the Western Division Middle Atlantic States Conference championship with Albright College. The conference was composed of Albright and, Lebanon Valley, and Moravian. Albright won the playoff and the conference.

The team's final record was 9-16, including two playoff losses and a loss to King's in a benefit game. Jack Leighton finished the season with 312 points. Mike DeNoia, who had topped 300 points in the previous season, signed a professional football contract with the San Francisco 49ers.

1949-1950

Coach: Doug Holcomb
Record: 10-17

After Buck Freeman left the University to become baseball coach at Ithaca College, Douglas M. Holcomb was hired as basketball coach and sports publicity director in August 1949. Albert J. Widmar a pitcher for the St. Louis Browns, was hired as an assistant coach and freshman team coach. Holcomb started practices in October and planned "to use a fast breaking offense based on set pattern plays. One basic play will allow different adaptations to work from it."

The team had a 27-game schedule with 11 home games and 14 away contests, covering approximately 3000 miles. The season started with a victory over the newly formed Le Moyne College team at Syracuse but then followed that victory with two defeats. When the team finally opened at home, they won three out of four games at the familiar Watres Armory. The team also defeated King's College before losing to St. Bonaventure and Manhattan College.

The Royals continued to win a few and lose most, but they were winning enough to be in contention for the Middle Atlantic Conference race as the season wound down. Unfortunately, the Royals lost eight games in the latter part of the season, including the all-important conference contest against Albright College which determined the Western Division Championship.

The team finished with a victory over King's College and a 10-17 record. Jack Leighton scored 363 points to lead the Scranton team. The Royals scored 1,545 points during the season and their opponents scored 1,687.

1950-1951

Coach: Doug Holcomb
Record: 11-19

The 1950-1951 season featured a 31 game schedule and a new home court, the Catholic Youth Center (CYC). Although the Korean War had started, the draft did not affect the basketball team as it had during World War II. The Royals were, however, once again facing some military teams.

The season started poorly with four consecutive losses before the team began to win consistently. The team had one significant disadvantage: the average height of the Royal players was 6'1" with their tallest player being 6' 3", while their opponents averaged 6'4" and had individuals as tall as 6' 9". They were also playing at least a few teams who went onto championship play every season. But the team scored some upsets and made it into the finals of the holiday tournament before losing to traditional nemesis (and spoiler) Albright College.

As was often the case, student attendance at basketball games was relatively low and only a small crowd was present when the Royals set five scoring records in a 110 to 95 victory over Moravian. The February 16, 1951 Aquinas reported that the combined 205 points were the highest in a collegiate contest for the entire nation that season. Unfortunately, one record-setting game could not offset a rather poor season.

The Royals also suffered the insult of having some personal belongings stolen during the home game against Manhattan College. Seven watches and wallets, which had been put in a bag in a storage room, were stolen from members of the team during the game.

Although the team finished with a disappointing 11-19 record, the season did have a few high spots in the form of individual performances. Len Pearson scored 422 points and three other players scored more than 300. The team as a whole set a Scranton scoring record of 1,909 points.

Low attendance at both football and basketball games prompted the University to eliminate admission fees for students; however, they still had to pay for their dates.

1951-1952

Coach: Pete Carlesimo
Record: 15-14

Douglas Holcomb resigned as coach and was replaced by Pete Carlesimo, who also served as football coach. His assistant was alumnus Pete Medvecky. The team warmed up for the 26-game 1951-1952 season by playing, and losing to, the Scranton Professional Miners in a benefit game, 64-47. But the game also was the debut of 6' 4" freshman Bob Bessoir, who would go on to become the Royals coach from 1972 through 2000.

The team started with three away games, winning their opening game against LeMoyne College before dropping the next two. The Royals rebounded by winning their first three home games, but their luck did not continue as they dropped the next four before soundly defeating Moravian. The Royals suffered another lengthy losing streak in middle of the season, but then began to turn the season around and had a six-game winning streak before losing a conference-deciding game to Lebanon Valley.

The Royals finished the regular season 13-13 and were invited to the National Catholic Intercollegiate Basketball Invitational Tournament (NCIT). In the NCIT, the Royals won two games and made it to the quarterfinals before being eliminated by Sienna. Gene Carbona lead the team with 393 points, with Joe Fitt scoring 371 points and Sam Cavalier scoring 348.

1952-1953

Coach: Pete Carlesimo
Record: 11-14

Although 10 veterans returned for the 25-game 1952-1953 season, assistant coach Pete Medvecky commented, "we still lack the big men." That lack of size was certainly a factor helping the Royals lose its opening three games before defeating Maryland State and Bloomsburg State during the holidays. But the winning streak did not continue, and the Royals put together another season of short winning and losing streaks.

Although the season was rocky, Bob Bessoir's play was spectacular: "Bessoir who has been a big factor in every Royal victory was superb as he took control of the boards and at the same time managed to throw in 20 points." But he wasn't the outstanding player on the team; Joe Fitt of Old Forge ended the season as the team's leading scorer with 511 points for the season (Bessoir scored 334). Fitt also scored a Royal record of 46 points and set a record of 16 free throws. While Fitt set the records, Bessoir was the most improved player. In the March 12, 1953 Aquinas, Medvecky commented: "A year ago Bob Bessoir was a rookie who came here rated highly. He simply could not get adjusted to college basketball and both you and I probably had the same thought in mind -- here is another fizzle. Bob was crude then and saw varsity action primarily because of the 6'6" frame that went along."

1953-1954

Coach: Pete Carlesimo
Record: 8-14

Despite the team's seasoned players, 1953-1954 season started on a down note with the Royals losing three out of their first four. Bessoir and Fitt continued to lead the team in scoring. Fitt passed the 1000 point career mark early in the season. It had taken him 63 games and he still had a year of eligibility left. The previous Scranton scoring record was 990 points held by Mike DeNoia.

But the fortunes of the team were not so grand and attendance was poor. The January 21, 1951 Aquinas noted that a decade ago the team could draw 2,000 or 3,000 fans, but now student attendance of 300 at a game was considered to be a good night, even though the team was playing some of the best college competition in the East.

But this was also part of the problem; the Royals could not compete with some of the schools on their schedule. Besides playing against superior competition, the Royals also had to contend with limited practice time at the CYC gym. Although most teams began a workout with an hour of shooting practice, the Royals generally only had one hour per day for their entire practice. The "luckless dribblers" managed to get a brief winning streak going during the middle of the season, but it wasn't enough to salvage the season, and they finished with an 8-14 record. Bessoir finished the season with 389 points and was awarded the first Les Dickman Most Valuable Player Award.

1954-1955

Coach: Pete Carlesimo
Record: 9-15

Pete Carlesimo described the 1954-1955 season as "absolutely the toughest schedule we've ever attempted": the team would be facing some of the highest ranked squads in the country. Carlesimo suggested that the team would do well if it won as many games as it had in the previous year. Bob Bessoir was elected Captain of a team that featured nine returning lettermen.

Consequently, the team surprised everybody by winning three of their first four games, losing only to Cornell. Unfortunately, the good luck did not continue, and the Royals dropped six consecutive games. But the team began to win consistently during the middle of the season, finishing with 9 victories and 15 defeats. Although the Royals did not seem capable of a winning season, the March 3, 1955 Aquinas stated that the team had gained the honor of being "capable of upsetting any team in the country."

Bessoir ended his career with more than 1,000 points and finished his last day with the Royals with 43 rebounds, a Scranton record and just three short of the all-time small college record. Joe Fitt, who finished with 1,560 points, received the Les Dickman Award.

1955-1956

Coach: Ray Welsh
Record: 9-13

Ray Welsh became head coach for the 1955-1956 season (in the-off season he worked as a baseball scout for the Pittsburgh Pirates). He emphasized that he wanted all candidates for the team to report in condition for the first day of practice. He also initiated what the November 17, 1955 Aquinas called a "race horse type of basketball, employing an extremely fast break and snappy ball handling."

Once again, the team was lacking in height and faced with tough opposition for its 21-game season. The team opened the season with two losses before beating local rival King's. But once again the team's lack of height proved a fatal problem, and the Royals lost far more games then they won.

One of the games that the team won was a forfeit by St. Peter's. Apparently a fight broke out on the court near the end of the game, and then spectators began harassing the St. Peter's bench. At that point, St. Peter's head coach Don Kennedy refused to allow his team to finish the game, stating that he was trying to save his players from "further harm."

The team managed to put together a small winning streak near the end of the season and finished with a 9-13 record. Jerry Curtis led the team with 370 points and received the Les Dickman Award.

1956-1970: The Cesare and Volpe Eras

1956-1957

Coach: Fiore Cesare
Record: 9-14

The 1956-1957 season brought the Royals their second new coach in two seasons, Fiore Cesare. The new coach, however, could not change Scranton's luck. The team opened with three consecutive defeats, which the December 13, 1956 Aquinas attributed to poor performance in the foul shooting department. Cesare stated that the team did not have the facilities where they could devote time to practicing foul shooting.

As usual, the team managed a brief winning streak in the middle of the season and the team finished the season with 9 victories and 14 losses. Ed Kazakavich lead the team in scoring with 473 points. Tom Keefe won the Les Dickman Most Valuable Player Award.

1957-1958

Coach: Fiore Cesare
Record: 17-8

The Scranton RoyalsThe Scranton Royals

The 24-game 1957-1958 season featured a mostly veteran squad for the Royals. But once again the team had a difficult schedule and were significantly shorter than most of their rivals. The Royals opened with a victory against Albright, but then lost five of their next six games. But suddenly the team turned the season around and won 11 games in a row including a convincing victory over Georgetown and an impressive victory over Villanova. The team finished the season 17-8, their best record since 1939. The team also won their first playoff game in pursuit of the Middle Atlantic States Conference championship, though they lost to Widener, ending the Royals' season.

Coach Cesare used seven players regularly, substituting a couple players who had special talents. Ed Kazakavich broke a number of records for the Royals. Among other records, he scored 602 points for the season and scored 56 points in one game against King's. After only two seasons of play he had scored 1,075 points and received the Les Dickman award.

Thanks to the excitement of the season, at long last the Aquinas was finally able to compliment the students' school spirit: "Something new and different has come to the University of Scranton. It arrived clad in outlandish garb, emitting booming, chanting noises... for the first time in many years, the U. of S. student body demonstrated that they were capable of manifesting pride in their school's athletic teams and a desire to take part in and further the team's success."

1958-1959

Coach: Fiore Cesare
Record: 16-6

Bob Bessoir returned to Scranton as assistant basketball coach for the 1958-1959 season. He was also responsible for coaching the freshman team.

Most of the starters were selected by mid-November, and Ed Kazakavich was selected by Dell Basketball Magazine as one of the top 10 players in the East. The previous successful season meant that the Aquinas covered the new year in great detail, publishing player profiles for the first time.

Unfortunately, the season began on a down note with two defeats. The December 12, 1958 Aquinas attributed the defeats partly to a lack of school spirit, once again, because only 50 students attended the opening home match. But then the Royals scored one of the great victories in team history when they defeated Seton Hall for the first time in 20 years, 61 to 58. The Royals then won five of their next six games. The University radio station broadcast its first basketball game when it covered the January 7 Scranton victory over King's.

The most unusual game was a 75-74 overtime victory over Gonzaga. The Gonzaga squad featured 7'3", 280-pound player Jean LeFebvre who, the January 16, 1959 Aquinas commented, "proved to be no more than a spectacle at which to gape." Kazakavich sent the game into overtime with a foul shot. But Gonzaga had fouled so many times that they were only able to use four men during overtime, and Scranton was able to squeak out a victory. Although the Aquinas does not specify how many students attended the game, 4,500 tickets were sold. (There were approximately 1,200 students enrolled at Scranton, so the general population was also turning out to see the Royals perform.)

The team continued its winning ways and finished the season 16-6. Unfortunately, a late season defeat by Moravian eliminated the Royals from Middle Atlantic States Conference championship contention. Bessoir's freshman team finished the season with 13 victories and only one defeat, and that defeat was by only one point.

Bob Meckwood was awarded the Les Dickman Most Valuable Player award. Kazakavich graduated holding eight University records. He was drafted by the Boston Celtics, and the University Student Council proposed retiring his number.

1959-1960

Coach: Fiore Cesare
Record: 6-19

Pete Carlesimo, Director of Athletics, stated that scheduling was the biggest headache that he had each year. The 1959-1960 25-game basketball schedule was extremely difficult to put together and included an initial seven game series with only one home game and with no more than two back-to-back home games at any time during the season. And once again Coach Cesare noted that his team would be much shorter than most of their opponents and hoped to offset that disadvantage by emphasizing a fast break game. Furthermore, only four veterans were returning. The season would not be a repeat of the previous successful outings. The team struggled all year, particularly after losing captain Bob Meckwood for six games with an ankle injury. The team never got on track and finished the season with a 9-16 record.

1960-1961

Coach: Fiore Cesare
Record: 5-18

Only three lettermen returned for the 1960-1961 campaign, and Coach Cesare was once again concerned about height. The Aquinas considered the season to be a rebuilding year. By the time the season opened, only two seniors and four juniors were on the 13-man roster, the rest of the team was made up of sophomores. The Royals lost to Villanova 106-72 in the opener and then lost to Muhlenberg in the first home game. The team won the next two games but then began a new losing streak.

Although the January 13, 1961 Aquinas accepted "the old height nemesis" as a reason for the team's poor results, the paper also stated that that was not enough to "excuse the ineptness of the team's play." This unusually critical commentary may have been due to the fact that the article was published in the same Aquinas issue that reported on the discontinuation of the football program.

By mid-season the team had only won three games, at which point the Aquinas' sports editor predicted a "dim future" for the team. After an eight-game losing streak had been snapped by a convincing win over Wilkes, the Aquinas debated whether the Royals should be playing higher ranked opponents like Villanova, Temple, and Hofstra but also whether it was fair for the Royals to take on much smaller schools like Wilkes. The terrible season and the relentless Aquinas criticism continued and the team finished with a 5-18 record.

The Les Dickman trophy was presented to Tom Foley, the first sophomore to win the award. Sophomore Joe Barbuti received an honorable mention for the Catholic College All-American team.

1961-1962

Coach: Fiore Cesare
Record: 12-12

Only two seniors returned for the 1961-1962 campaign; the team would rely on the now experienced sophomores who had learned the game the hard way during the previous dismal season. Since there was no longer a football team to compete for attention, the basketball squad was given heightened attention during the late autumn. A player preview appeared and as even did an article about the team's managers and statisticians. And for the first time the Royals were not at a significant height disadvantage.

Nonetheless, the team had a rocky season and lost convincingly to some of their powerhouse opponents like Villanova and Temple. But the team also lost to Muhlenberg as well and were at .500 near the middle of the season. Although the team was struggling, they were scoring well and were the top scoring outfit in the Middle Atlantic Conference with an average of 87.4 points per game.

One highlight of the season was a 95-90 upset over Susquehanna, the Middle Atlantic Conference leaders. That victory was followed by wins over Elizabethtown and Moravian, but the surge came too late to give the Royals a chance at the conference playoffs. The team won six of their last eight games and finished the season 12-12.

Bill Witaconis was awarded the Les Dickman Award and was also named to the MAC All-Star squad.

1962-1963

Coach: Fiore Cesare
Record: 11-15

The 1962-1963 season started on a negative note with two consecutive away losses to Buffalo and Niagara, both by significant margins. The season got worse with five more defeats interrupted only by a convincing victory over previously undefeated LeMoyne. The Royals managed to win four straight games in the middle of the season and had a 5-0 record in the MAC. Unfortunately, the team then lost their next six before ending the season with a three-game winning streak, though this late surge was not enough to keep the them in contention for the MAC title. The Royals finished the season with an 11-15 record.

Bill Witaconis led the team in scoring and in only two years scored 1,129 points. He averaged 28 points per game, ranking him seventh among small college scorers. He also was the first player in University of Scranton history to be named to the Associated Press first team Little All-American squad. Senior George Clum, who was awarded the Les Dickman trophy, put in a solid season consistently scoring in double digits and pulling down an average of 13 rebounds per game.

1963-1964

Coach: Fiore Cesare Record: 12-14

Only three lettermen returned for the 1963-1964 season. (Fortunately, Witaconis was one of them.) Scranton once again lacked height, but hopes were high going into the season.

The team lost its opening away games against Canisius and LeMoyne because of poor play, but they won the home opener against low-ranked Wilkes, which gave the team some momentum. The Royals then won two of their four holiday contests. The season continued in a similar manner as the Royals won three of their next six, including a home court victory over King's College after three overtime periods. This game was notable for a stands-clearing fight, which began when a King's student stole a beret from the head of a Scranton cheerleader. The cheerleader went over to the King's stands to retrieve his beret, the King's students attacked him, and the Scranton student body rushed over en masse. The fight was stopped when the police turned off all the lights, making it impossible for the fighters to see who they were punching.

The team also defeated Susquehanna by a score of 121-65, which was the highest point total the Royals had ever attained, the second-highest being 117 points accumulated against King's in the triple overtime. Although the Royals had a chance at the MAC playoffs, a less than .500 finish left the team out of contention. The Royals finished the season with 12 victories and 14 defeats and were 8-4 in the Middle Atlantic Conference.

The high point of the season came when Bill Witaconis broke Ed Kazakavich's all-time scoring mark. He finished his career with 1,712 points, and the University retired his jersey. Bud Cooper received the Les Dickman Award.

1964-1965

Coach: Jack Koniszewski
Record: 9-14

The Royals only lost two starters to graduation, Bud Cooper and Bill Witaconis. More importantly, in the 1964-1965 season the schedule underwent a significant change. Scranton dropped games against "perennial powerhouses" Lafayette, Niagara, Canisius, and Providence. The team thereby eliminated long road trips and also eliminated teams that Scranton simply could not defeat.

Just two days before the season opener, head coach Fiore Cesare announced his resignation, having secured an early release from his contract. Jack Koniszewski, who had served as freshman basketball coach for four years, stepped into the position. Cesare agreed to help out by scouting the opponents for the rest of the season.

Other troubles roiled at the start of the season. The November 19, 1964 Aquinas reported that some students were planning to boycott the games unless the team started winning immediately. The Aquinas countered that lack of school spirit contributed to the Royals' difficulties: "The University won't get a first class team until they get some first class fans."

The Aquinas summed up the Royals' problems by saying that the University would have basically the same type of team that they have had for the past six years: "They will have great shooting, a fair defense, and terrible rebounding." The rebounding problem was due to the team's perennial lack of height. The tallest player on the Scranton squad was 6'3" but opening night opponent Villanova had four men 6'7" or taller.

The Royals started the season poorly with three victories and five defeats, but fortunately for the Royals the three victories were against MAC opponents and four of the defeats were against non-conference teams. Consequently, the Royals were in decent condition going into the middle of the season. The Royals actually managed to compile a 6-1 MAC record before losing two consecutive conference games, which put them out of contention.

The team suffered another blow when one of its players, Rhett Jenkins, was declared ineligible because of a deficiency in the number of credits he took in the previous year. Jenkins had transferred to the University in February 1964 and was only able to take two classes. East Stroudsburg State College challenged his eligibility, and the conference required that he sit out the remainder of the season. He continued to practice with the team, but the Royals had lost one of its better players.

The losing streak continued for the rest of the season with the exception of the finale against the East Stroudsburg squad that cost the Royals one of its star players. The Royals ended the season with 9 victories and 15 defeats. The Les Dickman Award was given to Jim Dooley.

After the season ended, controversy over the University's athletics program continued. When it was announced that Pete Carlesimo had accepted the head coaching position of a professional football team in Scranton but would also continue to carry on his duties at the University, the student body staged a demonstration. Approximately 200-300 students, concerned that Carlesimo's new position would distract his attention from the University's athletic programs, marched down Linden Street chanting, "We shall overcome." The University responded that Carlesimo had attained approval from the University, and that all parties were confident that he could continue to give the University's athletic programs sufficient attention.

1965-1966

Coach: Nat Volpe
Record: 10-13

The Royals would be challenged by the loss of five lettermen going into the 1965-1966 season. The team also acquired a new head coach, Nat Volpe. Volpe, considered to be a strict disciplinarian who stressed fundamentals, had been basketball coach and director of athletics at Archbishop Stepinac High School in White Plains, New York, since 1948. He would also be a full-time, fully professional coach who would have the ability to recruit players from out of the area, particularly from the New York City area. The coach was immediately thrust into the limelight with a "rally round Volpe, V-Day" ceremony and expectations that he would be the "saviour of basketball at Scranton."

Although the team had lost five lettermen, there were seven sophomores who had played on the winning freshman team trying to take their places. The team started the season by losing to Villanova away and defeating Elizabethtown at home. The December 15, 1965 Aquinas commented that the team appeared to be "well schooled in the fundamentals" for the first time in many years. But the team then lost two more games before beginning a four-game winning streak which included a 109 to 98 victory over Upsala, followed by a 105 to 74 defeat by Bucknell.

By midseason, the team was losing more games than it was winning but was still in the hunt for the Middle Atlantic Conference. Coach Volpe tried different strategies to keep his team competitive. Against Wilkes, for instance, he started the second string and had them run the opponent up and down the court in an effort to tire them out. He then put a fresh first-team onto the court in the second half and took the team from a one point deficit to an 18 point victory. The star of the team at midseason was Everett "Rhett" Jenkins, who had been regularly scoring in the high 20s and was selected as one of the All-East players of the week for three games.

Although Jenkins continued to score well, the team continued to lose more than it won, including a critical conference game against Moravian, in which Coach Volpe was called on a technical foul that resulted in Moravian eliminating the Royal lead and then staying ahead for the last couple minutes. The team then lost four of its last five games and finished with 10 victories and 13 defeats. Coach Volpe commented that it had been "a year for me to get acquainted with the material at hand; it was a year for me to bring in my theories of basketball to a group that was totally unfamiliar with them."

Senior Tom Yucka received the Les Dickman award, and Rhett Jenkins made the Middle Atlantic Conference first-team.

1966-1967

Coach: Nat Volpe
Record: 17-6

Workouts for the 1966-1967 season began with four returning lettermen and six out of eight front-line performers from the previous season. Rhett Jenkins was named team captain. Among the returning lettermen was Charlie Witaconis, brother of former Royal star Bill Witaconis. Sports columnist Alan Mazzei wrote that Coach Volpe, the five foot tall "little tyrant," had toughened his players through repeated drills. The straight-talking Volpe replied, "See what those drills are doing to them. They're becoming animals."

The "animals" started the season in a convincing fashion with two double-digit victories over Wilkes College and Elizabethtown, with Rhett Jenkins and Charlie Witaconis leading the scoring. The team lost its next game to Temple but then went on a six game winning streak. The streak included in some impressive victories, such as a 28-point victory over LeMoyne, a 31-point victory over Delaware Valley, and a 24-point victory over Juniata. Jenkins was averaging 30 points a game for a few games, while Charlie Witaconis led the team in rebounds and was also scoring in double digits.

The winning streak ended with a 92-86 loss to King's followed by a victory against Drexel and then a loss to Albright. The team won and lost a couple more, and looked "sluggish" in their victories. But then the Royals managed a seven-game winning streak going into the Mid-Atlantic Conference playoffs. Their victory over Moravian on February 16 was particularly sweet: the team won by 27 points, they clinched a spot in the MAC playoffs, and Rhett Jenkins became the sixth player in Scranton history to score 1,000 points. The team finished the regular season with 17 victories and six losses and won the MAC with a 14-1 record.

In the playoffs, the team met Wagner. The Royals had just recently defeated Wagner 101-86, but the playoff would not be a repeat. Unfortunately for the Royals, lead scorer Rhett Jenkins had been hospitalized prior to the game and Bobbie Moylan, another offensive star, was also ill. Both Jenkins and Moylan played but were ineffective. Nonetheless, the Royals managed to hold the lead at the half. But the Royals had a height disadvantage, and Witaconis and Bob McGrath both started the second half in foul trouble. Wagner slowly pulled in front and won the game 91-80. It was, however, the most successful season the basketball team achieved in 35 years.

Rhett Jenkins was selected to the Eastern Collegiate Athletic Conference Division II All-Star team with a 23.9 points per game average, which ranked him 45th in the nation. Jenkins received the Les Dickman Award and also received the Pete Fidati Trophy, an annual elective gift by the student body to the outstanding senior athlete. Charlie Witaconis was selected as the outstanding center in the Middle Atlantic Conference Northern Division.

1967-1968

Coach: Nat Volpe
Record: 12-10

The Royals entered the 1967-1968 season with only Rhett Jenkins missing from the lineup due to graduation. Coach Volpe said, "Rhett is definitely the most difficult man to replace from last year's ball club. He was a great shooter and he did a good job off the boards." Volpe also considered Charlie Witaconis to be the "key man because he is an excellent rebounder and scorer. He has been working hard not to commit the fouls he committed the last two years."

The team would also be treated to its first on-campus full-time basketball court in a newly constructed gymnasium, the Long Center. The team opened its season at its old home court at the Catholic Youth Center with a victory over Loyola and a conference victory over Susquehanna before losing to LeMoyne on the road. A win one/lose one stretch ensued and at midseason the Royals were at 500. In the new Long Center, the team won three home games in a row, defeating Lycoming, King's, and Upsala.

At midseason, Volpe noted, "We don't have a leader. We have four captains, but not one of them has taken over to inspire the whole group. To sum up the first half of the season, our losses can be attributed to just this - the inability of a big man to score the consistent 25 points that are needed to win. The reason for last year's success was that we had Rhett Jenkins, who could always produce 25 points."

The team lost two more games, to Moravian and Lafayette, before winning six of their next seven games including eight straight home victories in the Long Center. The Royals ended the season on a disappointing note with a 28-point loss to Seton Hall and a failure to make the MAC playoffs.

Charlie Witaconis came within 27 points of the 1,000 career point mark and shared the Les Dickman Award with Bob McGrath.

1968-1969

Coach: Nat Volpe
Record: 20-5

Coach Volpe instituted a tough conditioning regimen for his 1968-1969 squad. The team lost four starters (only Ed Moroz returned from the starting lineup) but did have some returning veterans and promising freshman. Volpe planned a running offense because the team did not have great size. He stated, however, that "overall, this is a team that if it really gels can be outstanding."

The team started with a victory over Moravian at home but then lost two away games to Philadelphia Textile and Loyola before putting together a three-game winning streak going into the holiday season.

On December 27 and 28, the University hosted its First Annual Basketball Tournament at the Long Center. Boston University, Colgate, and Lehigh University were participating along with the Royals. The Royals took top honors by first beating Lehigh and then squeaking past Colgate. Gene "The Machine" Mumford quickly emerged as the star of the team, winning the MVP award at the tournament.

With the exception of a loss to King's, the Royals then won their next 13 games before losing to Elizabethtown in the season finale. But by that point the team had secured second place in the conference and was going to the playoffs. Mumford regularly scored in the 20s, but other players like Roger Yost and Bill McCue were averaging in the double digits as well. Perhaps the most dramatic victory was an overtime triumph over Seton Hall, the first time the Royals defeated the Pirates in 11 years, when John Scott scored his only basket to win the game with 14 seconds left. This victory was immediately followed by another overtime triumph, this time over Wagner.

The biggest controversy of the season occurred off- court, when a February 8 game against King's College resulted in a "wild melee" between students from King's and the Scranton Police. Approximately 60 King's students walked 25 miles from Wilkes-Barre to see the sold-out game, and not all of the students had tickets. University athletic director David Ocorr had apparently allowed the game to be substantially oversold and, consequently, not only the King's students but also University of Scranton students and even season ticket holders were turned away. There were some skirmishes between University of Scranton students and the police, but the incident escalated when the police moved in to clear the King's students away from the steps of the Long Center. According to the February 17, 1969 Aquinas, Scranton Police used mace and billy clubs to disperse the crowd, arresting six King's students in the process. The Aquinas laid the blame completely on Ocorr for overselling the game: "Perhaps someone should tell Mr. Ocorr what the capacity of the Long Center is and that it is not a good practice to oversell that capacity.... It especially seems that an apology is owed to the students of King's College by Mr. Ocorr."

The Royals faced Delaware Valley in the first playoff game. The Royals won convincingly by a score of 74 to 63, with Mumford scoring 39 points. Juniata had upset conference champions Wagner and faced Scranton in the final. The small but tenacious Juniata squad gave Scranton a tough game, but the Royals pulled ahead with less than a minute and hung on to win 63 to 61. University of Scranton Royals had won their first MAC Division Championship. The team finished with a 20-5 overall record and a 13-3 conference record.

Team captain Ed Moroz won the Les Dickman Award. Gene Mumford led the team in scoring with 657 points and a a 26.3 game average.

1969-1970

Coach: Nat Volpe
Record: 15-8

The Royals were looking forward to the 1969-1970 season, partly because they had six returning lettermen and partly because the rigorous training had the team in top physical condition. The team opened with two away victories before losing to LeMoyne also on the road. The Royals then lost their first home game to Philadelphia Textile, which was the first loss in the Long Center.

The team recovered with five consecutive home victories, including victories over Vermont and Hofstra, securing the Holiday Tournament crown for the second year in a row. They lost to Rider but then put together a four-game winning streak, including a 102-66 victory over Moravian. During this game, Mumford (who was averaging 30 points per game at midseason) scored his 1,000th point.

Up until this point, the team had been playing competently but had been winning games from the foul line. The team had earned nearly 100 more foul shots than their opponents about halfway into the season. The Royals had a rough stretch near the end of the season, losing consecutive games to King's and Delaware Valley in a double overtime defeat. The closing stretch also featured a 24-22 victory over Susquehanna, who decided the only way to stay in the contest was to slow the game down as much as possible, and a loss to Wilkes.

But the Royals ended the season with 11-3 MAC record which put them in second place and sent them to the playoffs. The Royals convincingly defeated Upsala but then lost, again at home, to Philadelphia Textile 103-83. The Royals finished the season with an away loss to Seton Hall that would be the final game between the two teams, ending a four decade relationship. The season ended with a 15-8 record.

The Les Dickman award was presented to Ed Moroz.

1970s

As the 1970s dawned, the University of Scranton basketball team would see significant changes that would lead it to championship seasons. Now that the team had shown that it could win consistently, the University decided to upgrade the schedule by adding well-ranked teams like Canisius and Iona, which contributed to a couple more mediocre seasons. But more importantly, the team appointed former Royals star Bob Bessoir head coach in 1972. Within a couple years the team was consistently winning Middle Atlantic Conference championships and even NCAA championships in 1976 and 1983. The University of Scranton had developed a championship team.